RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WOODLAND / FOREST PLANTING

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Working alongside remnant woodlands incorporating highly-programmed, manicured spaces or weaving a trail between the trees.

  • Woodland buffers are critical to the long-term health of the landscape.
  • Creating a woodland buffer helps to mimic the natural condition of the forest edge. Typically grasses, sedges and perennials give way to woody shrubs, before finally transitioning to small flowering trees and young canopy trees. This transition from short to tall plants helps to minimize the sunlight infiltration. The stronger the woodland edge, the more successful the woodland canopy can become.
  • 90% native plants is a goal for these plantings, while 10% non-native adaptable plants is acceptable in most areas.

EDGE PLANT LIST

TREES AND SHRUBS

  • CUCUMBER MAGNOLIA Magnolia macrophylla
  • RED MAPLE Acer rubrum
  • YELLOWWOOD Cladrastis kentuckea
  • HONEYLOCUST Gleditsia triacanthos
  • SHORT LEAF PINE Pinus echinata
  • PAWPAW Asimina triloba
  • SHAGBARK HICKORY Carya ovata
  • PITCH-LOBLOLLY PINE Pinus rigida x taeda
  • AMERICAN SYCAMORE Platanus occidentalis
  • WHITE OAK Quercus alba
  • BUR OAK Quercus macrocarpa
  • RIVER BIRCH Betula nigra
  • SUGAR MAPLE Acer saccharum
  • HACKBERRY Celtis occidentalis
  • SWEETBAY MAGNOLIA Magnolia virginiana
  • CANAERT EASTERN RED CEDAR Juniperus virginiana ‘Canaertii’
  • SHORT LEAF PINE Pinus echinata

WOODLAND PLANT LIST

TREES AND SHRUBS

  • BLACK TUPELO Nyssa sylvatica
  • FLOWERING DOGWOOD Cornus florida
  • SERVICEBERRY Amelanchier arborea
  • AMERICAN BEECH Fagus grandifolia
  • RED OAK Quercus rubra
  • AMERICAN HOPHORNBEAM Carpinus caroliniana
  • EASTERN HOPHORNBEAM Ostrya virginana
  • SOURWOOD Oxydendrum arboreum
  • WITCHAZEL Hamamelis vernalis
  • KENTUCKY COFFEETREE Gymnocladus dioicus
  • BUCKEYE Aesculus flava, A. glabra, A. pavia
  • CHOKEBERRY Aronia arbutifolia
  • EASTERN REDBUD Cercis canadensis
  • SHORT LEAF PINE Pinus echinata

HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS

  • SEDGE Carex spp.
  • ASTERS Symphiotrichum spp.
  • CHRISTMAS FERN Polystichum acrostichoides
  • WOOD LILY Trillium spp.
  • MAY APPLE Podophyllum spp.
  • CELANDINE POPPY Stylophorum diphyllum
  • VIRGINIA BLUEBELLS Mertensia virginica
  • TURTLEHEAD Chelone glabra, C. obliqua
  • BLUE LOBELIA Lupinus siphilitica
  • BLACK COHOSH Actaea racemosa.
  • WILD GINGER Asarum canadense
  • MAIDENHAIR FERN Adiantum pedatum